System of Evaluation
System evaluation refers to approaches to monitor and evaluate the performance of the education system as a whole. The main aims of system evaluation are to provide accountability information to the public and to improve educational processes and outcomes.
Evaluation System in Education
Evaluation is concerned with assessing the effectiveness of teaching, teaching strategies, methods and techniques. It provides feedback to the teachers about their teaching and the learners about their learning.
1. Placement Functions:
a. Evaluation helps to study the entry behaviour of the sudents in all respects.
b. That helps to undertake special instructional programmes.
c. To provide for individualisation of instruction.
d. It also helps to select pupils for higher studies, for different vocations and specialised courses.
2. Instructional Functions:
a. A planned evaluation helps a teacher in deciding and developing the ways, methods, techniques of teaching.
b. Helps to formulate and reformulate suitable and realistic objectives of instruction.
c. Which helps to improve instruction and to plan appropriate and adequate techniques of instruction.
d. And also helps in the improvement of curriculum.
e. To assess different educational practices.
f. Ascertains how far could learning objectives be achieved.
g. To improve instructional procedures and quality of teachers.
h. To plan appropriate and adequate learning strategies.
3. Diagnostic Functions:
a. Evaluation has to diagnose the weak points in the school programme as well as weakness of the students.
b. To suggest relevant remedial programmes.
c. The aptitude, interest and intelligence are also to be recognised in each individual child so that he may be energised towards a right direction.
d. To adopt instruction to the different needs of the pupils.
e. To evaluate the progress of these weak students in terms of their capacity, ability and goal.
4. Predictive functions:
a. To discover potential abilities and aptitudes among the learners.
b. Thus to predict the future success of the children.
c. And also helps the child in selecting the right electives.
5. Administrative Functions:
a. To adopt better educational policy and decision making.
b. Helps to classify pupils in different convenient groups.
c. To promote students to next higher class,
d. To appraise the supervisory practices.
e. To have appropriate placement.
f. To draw comparative statement on the performance of different children.
g. To have sound planning.
h. Helps to test the efficiency of teachers in providing suitable learning experiences.
i. To mobilise public opinion and to improve public relations.
j. Helps in developing a comprehensive criterion tests.
6. Guidance Functions:
a. Assists a person in making decisions about courses and careers.
b. Enables a learner to know his pace of learning and lapses in his learning.
c. Helps a teacher to know the children in details and to provide necessary educational, vocational and personal guidance.
7. Motivation Functions:
a. To motivate, to direct, to inspire and to involve the students in learning.
b. To reward their learning and thus to motivate them towards study.
8. Development Functions:
a. Gives reinforcement and feedback to teacher, students and the teaching learning processes.
b. Assists in the modification and improvement of the teaching strategies and learning experiences.
c. Helps in the achievement of educational objectives and goals.
9. Research Functions:
a. Helps to provide data for research generalisation.
b. Evaluation clears the doubts for further studies and researches.
c. Helps to promote action research in education.
10. Communication Functions:
a. To communicate the results of progress to the students.
b. To intimate the results of progress to parents.
c. To circulate the results of progress to other schools.